The discipline of obstetrics and gynaecology, which dates back many centuries, is unique in that care is extended to every stage in a woman’s life. More recently there have been significant scientific advancements and technological inventions that have transformed the health and care of women. Essential Gynaecology aims to deliver core knowledge aligned with clinical application for the treatment of relevant gynaecological conditions. Essential Gynaecology is written by various specialists from South African obstetrics and gynaecology departments. Each chapter is written with dedication and has been carefully selected to fulfil curriculum requirements. Topics covered include gynaecological history and examination, contraception, abnormal uterine bleeding, gynaecological infections, benign and malignant gynaecological conditions, infertility, female urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse, menopause, sexual violence against females and termination of pregnancy. In addition to covering basic content, the text also includes colour photos and multiple choice questions for self-assessment. Essential Gynaecology offers fundamental information for the MBChB programme in gynaecology and responds to a need for a defined focus area. It is recommended for medical students, medical officers, associate clinicians, interns, medical practitioners and OB-GYN registrars.